Viktor Dyk was born in 1877 in Pškov near Mělník. He was a prominent Czech writer, poet, playwright, political commentator, and politician. He completed a degree in Law at Charles University in Prague, and in 1907 he became an editor for the magazine Lumir, a literary journal that sought to elevate Czech literature to a global level. He entered politics in 1911 and ran as a candidate for the Constitutional Progressive Party of the Imperial Council. He advocated the secession of Bohemia and Moravia from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and for his subversive writings, he was jailed in Vienna from 1916 until 1917. In 1918, he became one of the founding members of the conservative Czechoslovak National Democracy Party, and in 1920, was elected to parliament. As a politician, Dyk often opposed the policies of Tomas Garrigue Masaryk, the first president of Czechoslovakia; he continued to write and publish his own work, and acted as an editor for the Narodní Listy (National Leaflets), a conservative newspaper. Viktor Dyk died in 1931 of a heart attack while vacationing by the Adriatic Sea in Croatia.